This dictionary covers graphic design, prepress and print terminology.
Stan Schwartz supplied most of the terms of this online glossary.
- Abbreviation for Kilo, which is 1000 units.
- Abbreviation for Kilobyte, a measure of data quantity (1024 bytes)
- Abbreviation for black (comes from Key because black is the key color used as a reference to achieve perfect registration)
- Abbreviation for Kelvin, which is a unit for measurement of color temperature.
The Japanese name for Han characters, derived from the Chinese word hanzi. Also romanized as kanzi.
Abbreviation for Kilobit, a measure of data quantity (1024 bits)
Abbreviation for Kilobyte, a measure of data quantity (1024 bytes)
Abbreviation for KiloBits per Second, (1024 bytes per second) that is used as a unit of measurement of data transfer rates.
- The scale of absolute temperature in which the zero is approximately -273 degrees Celsius.
- A unit of measurement in printing that is used to describe the color of a light source, such as 5000 degrees K standard viewing conditions.
The narrowing of space between two letters so that they become closer and take up less space on the page. Typical examples of combinations that require subtle kerning are an ‘r’ following a ‘T’ (the ‘r’ has to nestle underneath the right-hand bar slightly) or an ‘LY’ pair that have to nudge closer together. You can control kerning manually, or you can turn on the kerning built into a font by the font designer.
In typesetting, certain pairs of letters, by nature of their design, require kerning to improve their typeset appearance. Most digital typefaces have a series of predefined kerning pairs, such as A and W. The system user can make adjustments to the preset amount of space for a specific kerning pair.
Another name for the black printer. When letterpress was the popular printing method, black was printed first. The other colors were then aligned visually to the black image, which was considered the key color. The “K” in CMYK stands for key.
The use of symbols, usually letters, to code copy that will appear on a dummy.
- Lines that are drawn on artwork that indicate the exact placement, shape and size of elements including halftones, illustrations etc.
- The border you put around a picture.
The process of bringing text and graphic elements together into a coherent piece.
In multi-color printing, the plate is used as a guide for registering other plates.
The striking of one character on a computer’s keyboard.
A short sentence that is used as a lead-in or opening to a story or chapter. A kicker is usually set smaller than the headline or chapter title, but larger than the body type.
1024 bits or 128 bytes.
A delicate printed impression, just heavy enough to be seen.
In finishing a machine that is used to fold press sheets.
The opposite of overprint: a shape of object (e.g. text or a logo) that is printed by eliminating (knocking out) all background colors or objects that it covers.
A mask created to prevent an area of an image from recording. When one image is layed over another, the base image can be reproduced right on the paper and not on top of the first image.
A lighter typeface on a darker background
A coarse unbleached brown paper used for printing and industrial products.
A page description language used by the Korean government.