This dictionary covers graphic design, prepress and print terminology.
Stan Schwartz supplied most of the terms of this online glossary.
Abbreviation for Magenta, one of the colors used in full color printing.
Abbreviation for Media Access Control: unique address (number) build into each network interface card. It is sometimes referred to as the hardware or physical address. It can be found in either the properties of the network card or by typing ‘ipconfig /all’ in the command window of Windows. The Ethernet connection in my system has MAC address 00-20-18-2B-BA-43.
Paper that has had a coating applied to either one or two of its sides during the papermaking process.
An alternate term for grain direction.
A paper finish that results from the interaction of the paper with the Fourdrinier process as opposed to post machine embossing. Reference, Fourdrinier
Any number of keyboard characters that have been programmed and assigned to a single key. When the programmed key is pressed, all of the characters that were programmed and stored in the macro are played back, or executed exactly as if each character key in the macro were entered again.
Reddish color that is part of the CMYK colors that are used in 4-color printing. The color is named after a small Italian town, west of Milan, in which Napoleon III won a battle over the Austrians in 1859. To celebrate this victory, the French named the color that had been invented that same year after the city.
Black pigments containing black iron oxides, used for magnetic ink character recognition.
Synonym for uppercase or for a capital letter.
The process of adjusting final plate on the press to fine tune or modify plate surface. In letterpress, makeready is done by building up or reducing the impression level under the tympan cylinder packing to make sure that all image area are type high. The ideal result is a “kiss” impression.
Abbreviation for Metropolitan Area Network: a network that stretches across an entire city.
Late 15-th century scholar and printer. He designed the Bembo and Cloister Italic typefaces. Of course we all know him because his portrait appeared on some many boxes of PageMaker and other Aldus programs.
The blank space bordering the printed area on a page.
The marking of typesetting specifications or instructions on layout and copy for the typesetter to follow.
- The credit box in a newspaper or periodical that lists the publication name, editors, writers, designers, illustrators, photographers, and others, as well as the publication office address, subscription and advertising information, etc.
- The title of a newspaper or periodical as it appears across the front cover, or title page of each issue. It is also called the nameplate.
A photographic proof made from all color flats and form composite proof showing color qualityas well as accuracy, layout, and imposition before plates are made.
A coated paper finish that goes through minimal calendaring.
abbreviation for MegaByte or MegaBit – a lowercase b should indicate megabit but not everybody sticks to this convention. A megabyte equals 1048576 bytes.
The width of type as measured in picas.
A term used to describe finished artwork that is camera ready for reproduction, including all type, photos, illustrations etc
Heidelbergs version of a chain screen
A list of program demands and functions displayed on a computer’s monitor screen.
In most layout programs, there are two ways to access the font ‘Times Italic.’ The first way is to select a block of text, and assign it to the font ‘Times Italic.’ The second way, known as ‘menu styling,’ is to assign the block of text to the font ‘Times’ and then assign it the characteristic ‘Italic.’ In general, using menu styling is considered bad practice.
Data about data: metadata provide additional data about electronic files. These can include how the file was created (e.g. the type of digital camera or layout application), the creation date, the name of the author, copyright restrictions, the intended use,…
The way in which two color samples can look the same in one lighting condition but different in another lighting condition. It can also refer to a single color sample that changes color under different lighting conditions.
- A fine art, etching process that produces a “burred” surface-a line conversion of a photo that imitates a mezzotint effect.
- A special halftone screen with a grainy look.
The appearance of density variation between adjacent scan lines in an otherwise uniform pattern.
Microprinting is an anti-counterfeiting technique in which very small text is added to the artwork.
A 2D barcode that is used for adding web links or other types of information to a printed page or a web page. The technology is somewhat similar to QR codes.
The area between highlight and shadow area of a subject’s face in halftone image.
colors or graylevels of intermediate value (the range from 25% to 75% value).
‘Magnetic’ ink, ink with iron particles that can be magnetized, used for check printing.
- Abbreviation for Management of Information Services – the designation for the field of computer solutions internal to an organization.
- Abbreviation for Management Information System -a computer application or set of applications used for managing processing processes, such as costing, stock control or production control.
Abbreviation for Multipurpose Internet Mail Extensions – MIME is a standard that allows the embedding of arbitrary documents and other binary data of known types (images, sound, video, and so on) into e-mail handled by ordinary Internet electronic mail interchange protocols.
Type of web press that is used to print brochures, newsletters, and other products whose flat trim size is typically 11 by 17 inch. Mini Webs use rolls that are 11 to 14 inches wide.
Synonym for lowercase or for a lowercase letter.
Symbolic names or letter combinations that permit that one set of codes to represent a more complex, longer set or string of codes.
A repetitive interference pattern. In printing, it can be caused by interference between the dot patterns of the different colors or by interference between a pattern in the data being printed and the screened dots. In scanning, moiré can be caused by interference between the grid of the scanner CCDs and patterns in the original that is being scanned.
A cotton fabric used on the dampening rollers of a printing press.
An ink pigment made from precipitating lead molybdate, lead sulfate and lead chromate.
Having or being of one color. Having a single wavelength. Laser beams have a narrow frequency range that is very nearly monochromatic.
Letterspacing that is the same for all characters regardless of their shape or width. Courier is an example of a monospaced font.
A single image made up of photographs or drawings.
Sound that the dogcow makes
Spotty or uneven ink absorption.
Abbreviation for Motion Pictures Experts Group: data compression standard for motion-video and audio
Coarse muslin glue placed on the back of book or pads for strengthening.
A specific test of tensile paper strength; an important factor if web presses are used for printing.
Multiple Master typefaces
Multiple Master fonts are a special kind of Type 1 fonts capable of producing a continuous range of type designs. In effect, a multiple master font is a whole family of type – where all the “in-between” typefaces are available to the font user. MM fonts have from 1 to 4 design axes, most often weight (from light to bold), width (from condensed to expanded) and optical size (from 6 pt to display). More information is available on this page.
Device capable of taking a single communication channel and dividing it among several different signals.
The execution of more than one program at a time on a computer system.
The actual weight of 1000 sheets of any given size of paper.