Photochrom is a process for creating color images based on black-and-white photographs. It was developed around 1880 and mainly used for printing postcards. There are, however, also hundreds of beautiful photochrome prints of sailing boats, steamboats, ferries, and other ships. Below is a personal selection of old cards and pictures created between 1880 and 1910.
The Victory played a decisive role in the Battle of Trafalgar in 1805. The English fleet defeated its Franco-Spanish enemies but during the action Admiral Lord Nelson was fatally wounded. Nowadays the ship can still be visited in Portsmouth’s Royal Naval Dockyard.
Since there are so many beautiful photochrome pictures of ships in harbors, there is a separate page showing old postcards of harbors.
The SMY Hohenzollern II was the second Royal Yacht of the German Emperor Wilhelm II. Most of the over four years that he spent on board were during prolonged trips to the Fjords of Norway. This Imperial Yacht was in use from 1893 to 1914.
… to not luxurious at all.
Norddeutscher Lloyd’s ‘Kaiser Wilhelm der Grosse’ made her maiden voyage from Bremerhaven to New York on 19 September 1897. She was the first ship on which the entire upper deck was used for cabin passenger accommodation. The crew’s quarters were placed on the maindeck below. The ‘Kaiser Wilhelm der Grosse’ became the first passenger ship sunk during World War I.
These postcards always show the way wealthy people traveled, not the overcrowded quarters of the commoners.
Photochrome prints of Egypt are fascinating, and the image below is among my favorite.
The USS Texas, built in 1892, was the first battleship of the U.S. Navy. It is a so-called pre-dreadnought ship, meaning that it was built shortly before the revolutionary British HMS Dreadnought (1906). That ship used heavier, centrally mounted guns and steam turbine engines.
Paddle steamers were still in use in this era but I only found a few images of them.