N – ‘nameplate’ to ‘#’

This dictionary covers graphic design, prepress and print terminology
Click a letter to see more layout, printing and binding terms of this glossary

ABCDEFGHIJKLMNOPQRSTUVWXYZ0-9.

nameplate

The title of a newspaper or periodical as it appears on the front cover, or title page of each issue. Also called the masthead.

nanometer

A measurement of a wavelength of a light beam, which is abbreviated nm. A nanometer is a billionth of a meter. The wavelengths of various lights in the visible spectrum are as follows: blue light = 400 to 500 nm, green light = 500 to 600 nm, red light = 600 to 700 nm.

NAS

Abbreviation for Network Attached Storage – harddisks linked to a network and acting as a fileserver.

native file

The file that was originally used to create a document.

natural

A term to describe papers that have a color similar to that of wood; also called cream, off-white or ivory.

NCC

Abbreviation of No Carbon Required – a paper coated with chemicals and dye which will produce copies without carbon paper. Also called carbonless.

NChannel

NChannel is an extension of the DeviceN mechanism for defining spot colors in a PDF document. It was introduced in the PDF 1.6 specifications and is backward compatible with DeviceN. NChannel enables more accurate handling of color blending by including additional dot gain and color mixing information.

NDS

Abbreviation for Netware Directory Service

negative

A photographic image (usually on a film base) with tonal values (image densities) the reverse of those of the printed image.

negative space

The space between elements in a composition, sometimes referred to as white space. In page layout, negative space refers to the parts of the page that are not occupied by type or graphics.

nested story

A story set in multiple columns at varying column depths in a magazine or newsletter layout.

nesting

Embedding one element inside another, for instance, a nested table can consist of a table that is embedded in another table.

network

A collection of computers that are interconnected.

NewsML

A content wrapper for news items including NITF, photos, and other graphic materials. It provides metadata information about the contained news items, along with information about how the items are related. NewsML is media agnostic. It has been widely adopted globally.

newsprint

A light, low-cost groundwood paper made especially for newspapers.

Newton’s rings

Irregularly shaped patterns, similar to oil on the surface of water, that appear in scans made from transparencies. These artifacts are caused by the varying amounts of air between the scanning cylinder (or plate) and transparency surfaces as they come into contact. The effect can be avoided by applying oil between the two surfaces. Some scanner manufacturers also use special grainy glass plates to minimize the risk of creating Newton’s rings.

NeXT

The company founded by Steve Jobs in 1998 after leaving Apple. Until 2003 NeXT developed, manufactured and sold high-end workstations such as the Nextcube.

nextcube

NeXT computers and the NeXTSTEP operating system had a big impact on the industry. The World’s first web server ran a NeXT system. Heidelberg’s SignaStation imposition software and OneVision’s applications made their debut on this platform, making optimum use of its support for Display Postscript.

nipping

A stage in book binding where after sewing the sheets are pressed to expel air.

NITF

Abbreviation for News Industry Text Format, an industry standard that handles the content and metadata for news stories. SportsML is a related standard for specialized content in sports. NITF has been widely adopted globally.

nominal weight

When the basis weight of paper differs from the actual weight, the term nominal weight is used.

NORM

Abbreviation for Normalize Once, Output Many, a prepress workflow that uses Acrobat Distiller or a comparable product to normalize PostScript files into PDFs so that they can be output to a variety of devices at different resolutions and in different color spaces.

number sign

Nowadays often called the hashtag

1 January 2017

2 responses to “N – ‘nameplate’ to ‘#’”

  1. Jos says:

    What about NChannel?

    • Laurens says:

      I’ve added it – NChannel is pretty obscure though… InDesign seems to automatically use it when PDF is exported but there are hardly any references to this technology to be found on the web.

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